Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

Here are the top 10 programming languages that you can learn in 2021 to improve your coding skills: 

1. JavaScript 

JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the world. According to Stack Overflow’s 2020 Developer Survey, 70% of developers utilize JavaScript in their regular work activities. Like HTML and CSS, JavaScript is integral to front-end web development, back-end development, game development, and mobile app development. JavaScript is used in the infrastructure of famous digital platforms including YouTube, Google, and Facebook.  

2. Python 

Python is considered the most user-friendly programming language thanks to its clear, intuitive, and almost English-like syntax. It is used for web development, server-side development, and app development. The popularity and demand for Python skyrocketed due to the ever-growing importance of data in business has resulted in a quick rise in popularity and demand for Python. With its vast collection of frameworks, tools, and libraries, Python isa must in the field of Data Science, Artificial Intelligence AI), Internet of Things (IoT), and Machine Learning.

3. HTML 

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is one of the most accessible steppingstones into the world of programming. Used to describe web pages with ordinary text, HTML is responsible for formatting the appearance of information on a website. However, HTML does not possess the same functionality as other programming languages in this list.

4. CSS

CSS, or cascading style sheets, is an approachable programming language that is usually applied in conjunction with HTML. While HTML is responsible for text creation and structuring on a site, CSS governs the site’s appearance. HTML organizes site text into chunks, CSS is responsible for determining the size, color and position of all page elements.  

5. C#

This Microsoft-built programming language commonly known as “C sharp” belongs to the object-oriented family of programming languages and is considered as a much-loved improvement on the C++ coding language. It is fully integrated with the .NET framework and way more advanced than the C programming language. Developers use C# for 2D and 3D game development, but it is also prevalent for desktop and mobile app development. 

6. Go 

Go is a short form of Golang, a low-level programming language developed in 2007 by tech giant Google as an alternative to Java, C, and C++. Go offers the same functionality of C and C++ without the steep learning curve and complex syntax. Because of its simplicity, dynamic features, and speed, it’s an ideal programming language for building data pipelines and web servers, as well as network applications, system programming, graphics, and machine-learning packages. 

7. Swift 

A relatively new programming language, Swift is what is used to develop iOS and macOS applications. First announced by Apple in 2014, Swift is built from the ground up and has been fully optimized to meet the expectations of modern iOS development – even for watchOS (for Apple Watches) and tvOS (for Apple TVs).  

8. Scala 

Scala is the modern cousin of Java. It contains Java’s best features including its lightning-fast JVM runtime environment and its Object-Oriented Structure. But more than that, Scala enables developers and engineers to execute complex procedures in parallel, to customize their own data types, and to elevate their code quality to resemble pure math. 

9. Elm 

Elm is a functional programming language that compiles to JavaScript, with its web architecture being the intellectual inspiration for Redux. It has a fast and expressive type system that enables developers to work on complicated user interfaces with zero errors at runtime but without the declarative trappings of CSS and HTML. 

10. Ruby 

Ruby is another programming language that’s commonly used for web development. It has straightforward syntax and has a very friendly and active user community. It is the basis for the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework which has been utilized by great tech businesses such as Shopify, Airbnb, Twitter, and Bloomberg. 

ClinkIT Solutions, a Multi-Gold Certified Microsoft Partner, can be your one-stop platform to fulfil all your programming language learning and upskilling needs. Request for FREE consultation today.